RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
THE INSTITUTE OF INFORMATICS PROBLEMS (IPI RAN)
The Systems and Means of Informatics
Special Issue, 2008
Оглавление | Аннотации на русском языке
This additional collection of works has been issued as a supplement to the 18th volume of the Annual Proceedings of the Institute of Informatics Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPI RAN) "The Systems and Means of Informatics". It presents the results of scientific activities of some of IPI RAN's researchers and associate organizations in 2008.
The articles cover the following areas: information-telecommunication systems and networks, information technologies, architectural and system solutions for developing new generation computation complexes and networks, computerization of society, implementation of informatics and information technologies in the R&D work.
The edition is designated for R&D workers, engineers, university postgraduates who take interest in the current state of research activities in informatics and computer science.
I. Information-telecommunication systems and networks
- Alexander Zatsarinny, Yuri Ionenkov
Some problems of information-telecommunication networks designing
The authors consider some organizational and technological aspects of designing information-telecommunication networks. The general approach, development benchmarks as well as their substance and peculiarities are presented.
- Alexander Kolesnikov, Igor Kirikov
Conceptual model of bi-directional hybridization in the development of computer systems for decision-making support
The article contains results of development of methodology of functional hybrid intelligent systems to solve complex problems of decision-making support. A new approach is suggested for creating such methodology: a bi-directional hybridization that allows constructing intelligent systems with a considerable potential of specialists' reasoning simulation. The concepts of functional and instrumental heterogeneity of complex problems that determine the hybridization directions: `from a problem' and `from a method' are introduced. The conceptual models of original objects (complex problems) and prototype objects (modeling methods) of bi-directional hybridization are considered. The conceptual models of hybridization purposes --- coarse-grain and fine-grain functional hybrid intelligent systems --- are adduced. The life cycle of a bi-directional hybridization is described as an ordered and logically interlocked sequence of operations of a designer of intelligent systems for decision-making support.
- Boris Rabinovich
Processing of phone call billing in the system "Analytic"
The article is devoted to analysis of a method that allows improving the work of the logical analytic system "Analytic" in the context of adding and processing new information sources. For this purpose it is suggested first of all to use telephone connection billings of different formats as one of the system's data sources, that provides to broaden considerably a search field for the analyst working with the system. And secondly the author describes logical-oriented methods of billings processing for providing the possibility of solving new tasks, such as detecting connected numeric objects, frequency and time analysis and others.
The work covers one of the types of multidimensional statistical analysis --- cluster analysis. In this research an application of different combination of metrics and algorithms of cluster analysis to billing of telephone calls is considered. Billing is one of the sources of data in Logical-oriented Analytic System "Analyst". The urgency of this task is in the results of the research, which could be used for solution of such important tasks as showing up criminal elements in criminalistics, development of new pricing plans and proposals in mobile communication, revealing groups of accounts in the banking area, etc.
II. Information technologies
- Alexander Kurts, Alexander Fridman, Boris Anders, Natalya Fandyushina, Leo Chumakov
Management tools of the IT infrastructure
Management tools of the IT infrastructure of network corporate system are considered as an integral part of all the system's software. The problems solved by these means are formulated, including support of various versions of operating systems and business applications, differentiation of access to the resources and data, management of productivity of servers, well-timed installation of the critical updates. Common information model CIM is described, allowing control systems to exchange the data unambiguously describing operated components, their interrelations and interfaces. Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) of the organization of IT management is described. This library contains the description of structure and logic of processes, which should be carried out at the enterprise for maintenance of an optimum level of service. The structured approach to management of IT-services (HP ITSM) developed by HP Corporation on the basis of library ITIL is considered.
- Alexander Sorokin
The next generation enterprise and internet
The paper presents the results of research of cross impact of the two processes --- modern enterprise development and evolution of Internet. The main trends of change-over to Web 2.0 opening new possibilities for enterprises collaboration in realization of mutual business processes are resumed. Introduction of web-services and transition to Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) are analyzed. Languages and standards supporting SOA are also described. The paper shows enterprise's IT infrastructure development transforming ordinary enterprise to virtual organization (VO). Essential VO characteristics are given too.
III. Architectural and system solutions for developing new generation computation complexes and networks
- Yuri Stepchenkov, Vladimir Petrukhin
The features of hybrid version of recurrent signal processor realized on the programmed logic integrated circuit (PLD)
The state of the art architectures intended for parallel calculations are analyzed. The structure of a compromise (hybrid) variant of implementation of the recurrent signal processor's architecture developed by the Institute of Informatics Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences is offered. This article is considered as an introductory one. Concrete results of implementation of separate parts of suggested structure are presented in two other articles in this book.
- Vladimir Petrukhin, Yuri Stepchenkov, Victor Volchek, Alexander Prokofyev, Roman Zelenov
Peculiarities of realization of the main modules of recurrent signal processor on the programmed logic integrated circuit (PLD)
The features of VHDL-based design of complex functional blocks of the recurrent signal processor are considered. Specific examples demonstrate how certain VHDL language structures are used depending on the chosen criteria of processor implementation.
- Yuri Stepchenkov, Vladimir Petrukhin, Dmitry Hilko
Selection of programming languages for representing parallel algorithms for recurrent signal processor
The modern methodologies of parallel algorithms implementation in various programming paradigms are analyzed. Some concrete programming languages are considered and their functionality is described. Criteria are developed relating to suitability of the offered programming languages for implementing parallel algorithms by recurrent signal processor.
IV. Computerization of society. Implementation of informatics and information technologies in R&D activities
- Igor Zatsman, Olga Kurchavova, Irina Galina
Information Resources and Indicators to Evaluate Innovation Potential of Scientific Research Fields
The paper deals with the methods of calculating quantitative indicators of linkages of scientific research fields and priority domains of technology development to forecast linkage change and the choice of priority research fields aimed at the solution of application problems. The foreign experience of calculating the meaning of quantitative indicators of linkages with the use of full-text patent resources is analyzed. An approach to develop and localize foreign methods to calculate indicators of linkages based on Russian information resources is suggested.
- Irina Galina
Development of formalized functional-synonymic models of some nominative French and Russian structures
The article considers the problems of creation separate functional-semantic models during transformation of nominative structures for solving the text analysis tasks and presenting these structures in formalized descriptions of multilingual knowledge base Intertext. The same formal descriptions are used as a basis for accomplishing automated linguistic transformations in machine translation.
For some non-prepositional, prepositional and prepositional-casal nominative structures the authors have developed the basic formalized semantic-synonymic Russian and French constructions. These models are being developed within the framework of the IPI RAN project on creation of multilingual knowledge base Intertext and multilingual linguistic processor. The analysys of structures and the module of multivariant formal-logical rules are being developed in view of functional similarity and syntactic polysemanticity. At the moment, the module of French-Russian (and reverse) translation is being developed for the current experimental version of the processor basing on English and Russian.
At the first stage, the analysis of nominative structures based on the targeted sampling of parallel scientific texts in Russian and French is to be done. The task of meaning transfer is solved on the basis of the analysis of cognitive structures.
- Rustem Seiful-Mulukov
The petroleum in the quantum world
The petroleum is analyzing as the complex system. It allows approaching its origin and the parent substance for the genesis of hydrocarbon part of petroleum from other point of view than dominated organic hypothesis of the petroleum origin. There were given evidences that the main part of the parent substance for petroleum origin could not be organic matter of biogenic nature as far as carbon part of hydrocarbon has hypogene provenance.
- Igor Gurevich
On information characteristics of unitary transformations
The present work demonstrates that unitary operators, transformations, conformable matrices determine one-to-one the probabilities and mergeable probabilities of physical systems states and thereby the unitary operators can be defined with the help of information characteristics such as uncertainty and joint entropy. By using the unitary matrix the relation has been defined between the uncertainty (information) and joint entropy. Uncertainty (information) is defined on the lines/columns of the unitary matrix of dimension . Joint entropy is defined on the Shannon matrix whose elements are the unitary matrix elements divided by . Information characteristics of unitary transformations provide an opportunity to identify interrelations having a common information and physical nature. The presented estimates of joint entropy characterizing the obtained by different authors matrices of electroweak interaction (1,7849; 1,7787; 1,7645; 1,7945) and the matrices of quarks confounding (1,7842, 1,7849) demonstrate good matching. Obviously, this is an informational evidence of physical unity of strong and electroweak interaction. Joint entropy characterizing the neutrino-mixing matrix is equal to 2,8469. It shows that neutrino mixing is probably of physical nature, which is different from quarks mixing and electroweak interaction.
- Alexander Torchigin
On approach to production of wide-screen bright images
Possible ways of using the latest technological achievements in manufacturing light sources and electronics for image production are considered. It is shown that orientation on moving power LEDs enables to increase essentially the brightness and resolution of the images as well as to use several projectors for production of the same image.
On information technologies genesis (model approximation)
- Sergey Grinchenko
On information technologies genesis (model approximation)
The structure and development of the Mankind as a system is explained as a rule in terms of hierarchic informatics-cybernetical mechanism forming its framework. The author presents his vision of consistent pattern of progressive development of the Mankind. The present work considers the availability of the point of singularity in the Mankind development and provides its interprettion as the result of finalizing the process of its meta-evolution (i.e. a procedure of adding tiers in the hierarchical system during its formation) and also the role of information and other related technologies (nanotechnologies in particular).